Wednesday, 28 September 2016

Call to topple Christopher Columbus statue from its Barcelona perch


A group of councillors in Barcelona are hoping to topple the statue of Christopher Columbus that has stood at the foot of La Rambla for more than a century, arguing that the city should not be celebrating the explorer’s colonial legacy.
The 197ft (60-metre) high memorial, topped with a bronze statue of the Genoan pointing out to sea, has been part of Barcelona’s skyline since 1888. Its base pays homage to Columbus’s colleagues and his patrons, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.
                                                                        THE GUARDIAN
more information

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

COLUMBUS DAY








READ FOR DISCUSSION

Resultado de imagen de columbus day

The holiday honoring  Christopher Columbus's sighting of America  on October 12, 1492, is observed in the states of the United States and also in parts of Canada, in Puerto Rico, and in some cities in Italy and Spain.

Although Columbus was not the first explorer to set foot in the Western Hemisphere, his landing at San Salvador Island in what is now the Bahamas was very important. It opened the way for the settlement of America by Europeans

Columbus Day became a legal holiday in the United States in 1892, 400 years  after the famous voyage. It was then called Discovery Day,
Or  the  Day of the Race . It honors the many different people of Latin America. School  children in the larger cities join parades. Fiestas, sometimes lasting several days, are held in the areas with large Indian populations.

After five centuries, Columbus remains a mysterious and controversial figure who has been variously described as one of the greatest mariners in history, a visionary genius, a mystic, a national hero, a failed administrator, a naive entrepreneur, and a ruthless and greedy imperialist.

IDEAS  FOR DISCUSSION
  • -  Once again this year many schools will pause to commemorate  Christopher Columbus  day and  this needs to stop.
  •   -  Columbus initiated the trans-Atlantic slave trade, in early February 1494, first sending several  dozen enslaved Tainos to Spain
  •  - From the very beginning, Columbus was not on a mission of discovery but of conquest and exploitation

  • - Samuel Eliot Morison wrote  that  Columbus's policies in the Caribbean led to "complete genocide"
  •   - If Indigenous peoples' lives mattered in our society, and if Black people's lives mattered in our society, it would be inconceivable that we  would honor the  father of the slave trade with a national holiday
  •  -  He also employed the use of violence in the conversion of natives to Christianity forcing them to accept beliefs and values that were alien to them.
  •  -  Columbus didn´t want to proved the earth was round
  • -  Columbus was likely not the first european to cross the Altlantic ocean


  • ·        + European explorers  were people of white supremacy and Christian supremacy who had the mentality that it was alright to dominate, enslave, kill and take from people who were different. 
  • ·        + His journey encouraged people to think about humans and the study of life. His findings also advanced technology.
  • ·        + Columbus was known for bravery, inventing civilization and introducing commercialism.
  • ·        + The exchange of language, food, animals and religion was certainly quite beneficial to the Europeans and Native Americans.
  • ·        + Columbus brought foods back to Europe, such as potatoes, corn and tomatoes, which became dietary staples and contributed to population growth. 


Friday, 2 September 2016

VIERNES CULTURALES - OCTOBER- FILM

FILM 
SUFFRAGETTE

Suffragette is a 2015 British historical period drama film about women's suffrage in the United Kingdom in 1911-13
It is the first film in history to be shot in the Houses of Parliament.
The film shows how suffragette leaders were a product of their background



Plot Summary

A drama that tells the story of the foot soldiers of the early feminist movement, 

women who were forced underground to pursue a dangerous game of cat and 

mouse with an increasingly brutal State. These women were not primarily from 

the genteel educated classes, they were working women who had seen peaceful 

protest achieve nothing. Radicalized and turning to violence as the only route to

change, they were willing to lose everything in their fight for equality - their 

, their homes, their children and their lives. 


History "dees no words"

The move for women to have the vote had really started in 1897 when Millicent 

Fawcett founded the National Union of Women’s Suffrage. “Suffrage” 

means the right to vote

If parliament made laws and if women had to obey those laws, then women 

should be part of the process of making those laws

in 1903 the Women’s Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and 

her daughters Christabel and Sylvia. 

The Union became better known as the Suffragettes. Members of the 

Suffragettes were prepared to use violence to get what they wanted.

However, Britain and Europe was plunged into World War One in August 1914. 

In a display of patriotism,Emmeline Pankhurst instructed the Suffragettes to 

stop their campaign of violence and support in every way the government and 

its war effort. The work done by women in the First World War  was to be vital 

for Britain’s war effort. In 1918, the Representation of the People Act was 

passed by Parliament.

LISTEN AND READ FOR MORE INFORMATION

http://www.scan.org.uk/education/suffrage/movie.html




Emmeline Pankhurst

The real-life character of Emmeline Pankhurst, portrayed by Meryl Streep, appears in Suffragette. Though Pankhurst is seen on screen for just a few minutes, she's a symbol of inspiration for many of the film's characters — just as Pankhurst inspired suffragettes in real life.
In 1903, when she was a 45-year-old widow, Pankhurst founded the WSPU, whose slogan became "deeds not words." In her work for the group, she gave speeches that encouraged militant action. She declared in 1913, "Militancy has brought woman suffrage where we want it, that is, to the forefront of practical politics. That's the justification for it."
Between 1908 and 1914, Pankhurst was imprisoned 13 times. She would be released after going on hunger strikes, but the police pursued her again once her health had recovered. This cycle only ended with the advent of World War I, when Pankhurst directed WSPU members to support the war effort. In 1918, after the war, Pankhurst was pleased to see women granted limited suffrage.

READ MRS PANKHURST SPEECH 

read more...
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/the-role-of-british-women-in-the-twentieth-century/suffragettes/

Thursday, 1 September 2016

NEW COURSE WELCOME

ASOMATE A LOS IDIOMAS
The Universidad Popular offers you English, French and German for the course 2016-2017.  Many students learn languages  every year in our classes and they are successful. Join us.